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Altay Travel Guide
   

Located at southern foot of Altay Mountains in the northeastern pari of Xinjiang. with an average elevation of 922 metes, Altay Prefecture has a continental climate of cold temperate zone. It adjoins the People's Repaublic of Mongolia, Kazakstan and Russia, has a boundary line 1205 kilometers long, and covers an area of 11.76 ten thousands square kilometers, 61 percent of which is grassland. The prefecture has under its jurisdiction one city (Altay) and 6 counties (Qinghe, Fuyun. Fuhai, Jeminay, Burqin and Habahe), and has a population of 55 ten thousands. Here is an important section of the ancient prairie Silk Road. With advantageous geographical conditions and fertile mountain prairies, here are pregnant in ancient civilizations Archaeologists have found a Paleolithic site by the northern bank of the Ertix River, which verifies That as early as 8000 9000 years ago, there began to have human activities here. It is said that in the Altay Mountains there are 72 valleys and in each of them there is found gold. For this reason, here was also called "the golden road". Thousands of rock casings have been found in Altay Mountains and a lot of carved stone with patterns of deer arid a lot of stone statues have been found on the prairies. 'Altay' in Mongolian and Turkic means 'Gold Mountain', since Altay Mountain has been a producer of gold since ancient times, and 84 other ferrous and non-ferrous minerals have been found in Altay Prefecture.

Altay,Located in the typical continental climate area, the Altay has windy spring, rainy summer, cool autumn and cold and long winter. The annual average temperature is 3.7℃ and the annual precipitation is 171.5 millimeters.In the third century B.C., before the Sakas people were driving to this, descendants of the Huns, Hsian-peis and Turks had ruled here. During the Tang Dynasty (618-907AD), the khanate was governed by Grand Anxi Frontier Command of the Tang Empire. The Uyghurs, and in the 12th century the Kara-Khitai, took possession of it in turn. The Oirats controlled the area until 1755 as Jagatai Khanate, when Qianlong's Manchus annexed it.

Altay long-distance bus station is on No.16, Tuanjie Road, leading to all counties in Urumqi and Altay city.Altay Airport is in the southwest of Altay city, about 10kms from the city center. Nanhang Xinjing Company opens Urumqi-Altay airline, seven scheduled flight every week.

Burjin got its name from Burjin river. From Xihan Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, Burjin had always been the nomadic land. Until in 1919, Altay attached Xinjiang province.Burjin enjoys a dry and hot summer and a cold winter. The whole year is rainless and windy. There is great temperature difference in day and night.Burjin is the transportation center of Altay area, national highway 217 crossed the city. There are sleeper bus trip between Urumqi and Burjin.

 

 

 


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Altay Guide
Altay Travel Map
Altay Cuisine
Altay Opera Show
Altay Interesting
Altay Hotels
Altay Travel Tours
Altay Scenic Spots
Kanas Lake | Hemu Village | Baihaba Village | Moon Bay | Wolong Bay | Immortal Bay | Black Lake | Yaze Lake