Karamay is situated in northwestern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region at the edge of the Junggar Basin. The Tianshan Mountains zigzag south of the city, and the road mileage between Karamay and Urumqi is 313 kilometers.Karamay comes from the Uygur language, and means “black oil”. Karamay was the site of one of the worst disasters in modern Chinese history. It gained this name for the Black Oil Mountain near the city proper. After the first oil well of the mountain began to work in 1955, Karamay entered a great era of exploitation and construction.Karamay lies at the northwest of the Junggar Basin, with the Jayer Mountain, Tianshan Mountain and Gurbantunggut Desert in the northwest, south and east respectively. Most of the land in the city is part of the Gobi Desert.
In ancient China, from the Qin Dynasty (221BC - 207BC) to the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) the region was ruled by ethnic nomadic tribes. The central government set up administrative institutions in the region during the Tang and Qing dynasties. Karamay means “black oil” in the Uighur language, so named because the first large oil field was discovered in the region after the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Karamay is now well known as an oil producing city in China.
The most famous and must-see attraction in Karamay is the Urho Devil City, which is also named Urho Wind City. You will be amazed at the grotesque wind-eroded landscape when visiting the devil city. Visitors can experience the natural beauty of this area at other attractions, including the Black Oil Mountain, Eric Lake, Baiyang River Valley and the wild poplar forests. Moreover, Karamay also has interesting oil industry sites, such as the Dushanzi Oil Well Sites, Karamay Exhibition Hall and Karamay Geology Exhibition Hall.
Visitors are recommended to try the traditional food of the region, such as roasted mutton, Nang (crusty pancake) and steamed stuffed buns. These delicious snacks can be found in Boda Market on Tianshan Road, the night market in Tahe Road and the food market near Karamay River Bridge. Furthermore, visitors can still find Sichuan cuisine, Shandong cuisine and all kinds of noodles in Karamay. The Junggar Street in the city center is the bustling shopping area of Karamay, where you can find big shopping malls selling famous brands and also shops featuring local products, such as Idili Silk and the local dress of the Uighur people.
There are flights connecting Karamay with 12 major Chinese cities including Beijing, Chengdu and Urumqi. The daily flights between Karamay and Urumqi take only 40 minutes. The Karamay airport provides an air ticket booking service which enables passengers to book their air tickets for flights from Urumqi to other cities, and so avoiding the transit procedures in the Urumqi airport. Airport shuttle buses are available between the Karamay airport and the city center.Karamay Airport is the branch of Xinjiang Airport, leading to Beijing, Chengdu, Urumqi and so on.Highway is also convenient in Karamay. Karamay Passenger Transport Center offers buses to Urumqi, Shihezi, Tacheng and so on.
Karamay Travel Map
Karamay Opera Show
Karamay Travel Tours
Karamay Scenic Spots
Ghost Town | Tuwa Village | Burqin Corlorful Beach